ISBN Publisher. International Law Book Services (ILBS). Year of Publication. Yearly print / cover colour might change. This Act may be cited as the Bills of Exchange Act Interpretation. 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires– “acceptance” means an acceptance. 1) Bil Pertukaran Seksyen 3(1) Akta Bil Pertukaran Satu peritah bertulis tidak bersyarat,ditujukan kepada seseorang ditandatangani oleh orang yang.
|Published (Last):||4 August 2008|
|PDF File Size:||4.99 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.48 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
No person is liable as drawer, indorser, or acceptor of a bill who has not signed it as such: Negotiation of bill Provided that where a bill has been materially altered, but the alteration is not apparent, and the bill is in the hands of a holder in due course, such holder may avail himself of the bill as if it had not been altered, and may enforce payment of it according to its original tenor.
A banker who gives value for, or has a lien on, a cheque payable to order which the holder delivers to him for collection without indorsing it, has such if any rights as he would have had if, upon delivery, the holder had indorsed it in blank.
Address to drawee 7. Where a bill is dishonoured, the measure of damages, which shall be deemed to be a liquidated amount, shall be as follows: But nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the bill or note of a corporation to be under seal.
Where a bill is not payable on demand the day on which it falls due is determined as follows: Where the banker, on whom a crossed cheque including a cheque which under section 81A or otherwise is not transferable is drawn, in good faith and without negligence pays it, if crossed generally, to a banker, and if crossed specially, to the banker to whom it is crossed, or his agent for collection, being a banker, the banker paying the cheque, and if the cheque has come into the hands of the payee, the drawer, shall respectively be entitled to the same rights and be placed in the same position as if payment of the cheque has been made to the true owner thereof.
Payment for honour supra protest Banker paying demand draft whereon indorsement is forged Application of certain provisions to instruments not being bills of exchange Bills of Exchange 47 2 Where a cheque bears across its face an addition of the name of a banker, either with or without the words “not negotiable”, that addition constitutes a crossing, and the cheque is crossed specially and to that aktta. Laws of Malaysia ACT 2 An acceptance is invalid unless it complies with the following conditions, namely– a it must be written on the bill and be signed by the drawee.
Provided that– a where a bill is dishonoured by non-acceptance, and notice of dishonour is not given, the rights of a holder in due course subsequent to the omission shall not be prejudiced by the omission; b where a bill is dishonoured by non-acceptance, and due notice of dishonour is given, it shall not be necessary to give notice of subsequent dishonour by non-payment unless the bill shall, in the meantime, have been accepted.
Pertukadan of Malaysia ACT 4 Subject to this Act, when a bill is noted or protested, it may be noted on the day of its dishonour and must be noted not later than the next succeeding business day.
If the drawee accepts more than one part, and such accepted parts get into the hands of different holders in due course, he is liable on every such part as if it were a separate bill.
Protest when notary not accessible A bill, of itself, does not operate as an pertukaraan of funds in the hands of the drawee available for the payment thereof, and the drawee of a bill who does not accept pedtukaran required by this Act is not liable on the instrument.
Banking / Finance
Subject to this Act, when a bill has been dishonoured by non- acceptance or by non-payment, notice of dishonour must be given to the drawer and each indorser, and any drawer or indorser to whom such notice is not given is discharged: What bills are negotiable 8. Laws of Malaysia ACT 2 Where the banker on whom a cheque is drawn which is so crossed nevertheless pays the same, or pays a cheque crossed generally otherwise than to a banker, or if crossed specially otherwise than to the banker to whom it is crossed, or his agent for collection being a banker, he is liable to the true owner of the cheque for any loss he may sustain owing to the cheque having been so paid: It may also contain terms making it restrictive.
Conflict of Laws Rules ajta laws conflict Bills of Exchange 43 Bill in a Set Rules as to sets Rules as to sets Conflict of Laws pertukafan Subject to the provisions of this Act, where a aktq on a bill is forged or placed thereon without the authority of the person whose signature it purports to be, the forged or unauthorized signature is wholly inoperative, and no right to retain the bill or to give a discharge therefor or to enforce payment thereof against any party thereto can be acquired through or under that signature, unless the party against whom it is sought to retain or enforce payment of the bill is precluded from setting up the forgery or want of authority: Reasonable time for this purpose is a question of fact: Knowingly or negligently bi, forgery Capacity of parties Capacity and Authority of Parties Capacity pettukaran parties Provided that where an inland bill is indorsed in a foreign country, the indorsement shall, as regards the payer, be interpreted according to the law of Malaysia; c the duties of the holder with respect to presentment for acceptance or payment and the necessity for or sufficiency of a protest or notice 19449 dishonour, or otherwise, are determined by the law of the place where the act is done or the bill is dishonoured; d where the bill is drawn out of but payable in Malaysia and the sum payable is not expressed in the currency of Malaysia, the amount shall, in the absence of some express stipulation, be calculated according to the rate of exchange for sight drafts at the place of payment on the day the bill is payable; e where a bill is drawn in one country and is payable akha another, the due date thereof is determined according to the law of the place where it is payable.
Transferor by delivery and transferee Discharge of Bill Requisites of a valid indorsement Date of acceptance after previous dishonour 2 When a bill payable after sight is dishonoured by non-acceptance, and the drawee subsequently accepts it, the holder, in the absence of any different agreement, is entitled to have the bill accepted as of the date of first presentment to the drawee for acceptance.
Funds in hands of drawee Laws of Pertkkaran ACT 2 In particular the following alterations are material, namely, any alteration of date, the sum perttukaran, the time of payment, the place of payment, and, where a bill has been accepted generally, the addition of a place of payment without the acceptor’s assent.
Rules as to presentment for payment Discharge of Bill Payment in due course Revocation of banker’s authority Crossed Cheques Where a foreign bill has been accepted as to part, it must be protested as xkta the balance.